Article 6 of the Paris Agreement offers an opportunity for international cooperation to raise global mitigation ambition. Done right, taking environmental integrity and sustainable development into consideration, there is potential for cost-effective climate action with substantial co-benefits.
How to "do it right" has been widely discussed on a theoretical basis, but sparsely tested in real-world conditions. We believe that the best way to visualize and understand the challenges and opportunities of Article 6 is to test, pilot and learn by doing.
The Swedish Energy Agency has commissioned nine virtual pilots to be developed in seven different countries (see map). Based on actual data and policies (including Nationally Determined Contribution, NDC) the virtual pilots present examples of how different mitigation activities could be designed under Article 6, under different country-specific settings.
Each pilot has resulted in a report presenting a fully developed blueprint of a mitigation activity in a real-world setting. The virtual pilots offer an overview of the most important aspects (technical, financial and legal) that would need to be addressed for an Article 6 transaction to be implemented.
Image: Virtual Pilot studies have been conducted in seven countries
The virtual pilots illustrate complexities and challenges, as well as opportunities and possibilities, in Article 6 cooperation. By providing concrete examples, the virtual pilots can inform and contribute to the ongoing discussions regarding the Article 6 rulebook.
Whereas each pilot has its specific characteristics and requirements, some general conclusions can be drawn.
Some of the key findings:
Want to know more about our Article 6 pilots in Colombia and Thailand? Read here.