The Biolite HomeStove project distributes fuel efficient cookstoves to Ugandan households. These efficient stoves require a significantly less amount of fuel for cooking, relying on biomass sources rather than wood fuel from Uganda's precious forests. In addition, the stove also addresses electricity access issues by generating enough energy to completely charge a mobile phone while cooking
According to the United Nations, between 1990 and 2005 Uganda has lost 26.3% of its forest cover and has a current deforestation rate of over 2% per year. While urban wood demand for construction and furniture plays a large role in this situation, the problem is also exacerbated by 97% of the rural population collecting firewood for basic needs. Around 95% of households in Uganda cook using traditional cookstoves that are inefficient and very polluting.
The HomeStove is an ultra-clean burning fan-assisted wood stove that cuts toxic pollutant emissions by 90% and reduces fuel use by 50%. In addition, utilizing BioLite's Direct Conduction Thermoelectric System (DCTS), the HomeStove also generates its own electricity, providing users with enough reliable, on-demand electricity in a day's cooking to fully charge a mobile phone or provide an evening's worth of bright, LED light.
Considerably less time is spent collecting woodfuel or cooking for the family home thereby reducing the work burden on families and presenting alternative opportunities for economic development and a higher standard of living. The amount of indoor pollutants from the burning of biomass in the family home is also reduced thus impacting positively on the health of households. The project creates employment opportunities in the sale, distribution, maintenance and monitoring of the HomeStoves.