Emission Reduction Project Development Standards

All our projects adhere to internationally recognised standards for emissions reduction projects and are audited regularly by independent third party organisations.

We offer emission reduction projects developed according to a range of standards, including:



Established in 2003 by WWF and other international NGOs to ensure projects that reduced carbon emissions under the UN's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) also contributed to sustainable development. It launched its Gold Standard for the Global Goals standard in 2017, enabling climate and development initiatives to quantify, certify, and maximise climate and sustainable development impacts.

Gold Standard has more than 80 NGO supporters and 1400+ certified projects in over 80 countries, creating billions of dollars of shared value from climate and development action worldwide.

Learn more on the
Gold Standard website

Take a look at some of our
Gold Standard projects



The VCS (Verified Carbon Standard) Program is the world's most widely used voluntary emissions reduction standard. More than 1300 certified VCS projects have reduced or removed more than 200 million tonnes of carbon and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.

Along with the Climate, Community & Biodiversity, and Sustainable Development Verified Impact standards, it was developed and is managed by Verra, a registered 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization founded in 2005 by environmental and business leaders and based in Washington, DC.

Learn more on the
Verra website

Take a look at some of our
VCS projects



The Climate, Community & Biodiversity (CCB) Standards identify carefully designed land management projects that simultaneously address climate change, support local communities and smallholders, and conserve biodiversity.

Learn more on the
Verra website

Take a look at some of
our CCBA projects



The Sustainable Development Verified Impact Standard (SD VISta) is a new standard from Verra that sets out rules and criteria for the design, implementation and assessment of projects that aim to deliver high-impact sustainable development benefits. Under SD VISta, projects must demonstrate to the satisfaction of a third-party assessor that they meet the SD VISta Program's rigorous rules and requirements and advance the SDGs. Once projects have been certified in the SD VISta Program, their contributions to the SDGs are listed on the program's database.

Learn more on the
Verra website


SOCIALCARBON is typically used in conjunction with a carbon accounting standard, such as the VCS, CCB or CDM. Developed by the Ecologica Institute, a Brazilian non-profit organization, it certifies carbon reduction projects for their contributions to sustainable development.

Learn more on the
Social Carbon website

Take a look at some of our
Social Carbon projects



The CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) was the first global, environmental investment and credit scheme of its kind, providing a standardized emissions offset instrument, the Certified Emissions Reduction or CER.

Developed by the UNFCC under the Kyoto Protocol so that emission-reduction projects in developing countries could earn certified emission reduction credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2, the CDM will be discontinued when the Paris Agreement comes into force in 2020.

Learn more on the
CDM website

Take a look at some of our
CDM projects



The JI (Joint Implementation) mechanism defined in Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol, allows a country committed to emission reductions or limitations to earn emission reduction units (ERUs) from an emission reduction or removal project in another committed country.

Learn more on the
JI website

Take a look at some of our
CDM projects

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